îN{Ád{ h}=Z+â
(tikkana Fonts)

This page paraphrased from Prasad Chodavarapu's site at http://chaitanya.bhaavana.net. Please visit it for more details

îN{Ád{ h}=Z+â (tikkana Fonts) are widely used on the internet for displaying telugu on web pages.


These fonts are available for free under the GNU General Public License.

Download Instructions

You can download the latest version of Tikkana fonts from HERE This zip file contains TrueType as well Type 1 fonts for use on PC as well as Mac (untested on mac).

Installation Instructions for Windows 95/98/NT

  1. Using WinZip (freely available from http://www.winzip.com), extract files from tkn12.zip into a temporary folder.
  2. Click on Windows "Start" Menu, first choose "Settings" and then "Control Panel".
  3. In the control panel, double click on "Fonts" to open the Fonts panel.
  4. Now choose "Install New Font" in "File" Menu and choose the directory into which you have extracted tkn12.zip in the step above.
  5. You should now see "Tikkana (True Type)" in the list of fonts. Select it and click OK.
  6. You should now have tikkana fonts installed on your system.
  7. To verify, open WORD/WordPad or any other editor and look to see if tikkana appears as one of the fonts that you can choose.

Installation Instructions for X Windows on UNIX

The installation instructions here are inspired by the following documents. These instructions assume that your X installation has a Type 1 font rendering engine. Starting with X11 Release 6, Type 1 rendering engine is part of the base distribution. Previous to that, it was a contributed package. See XFree86 for more information.
  1. Download tikkana.tar.gz
  2. Unzip using
      gunzip tikkana.tar.gz
  3. Untar using
      tar xvf tikkana.tar
  4. Add the tikkana type1 directory to font path using
      xset fp+ $PWD/tikkana/type1
      xset fp rehash
  5. Verify that tikkana fonts have indeed been picked up using
      xlsfonts | grep tikkana
    You should see
  6. Exit all browser windows and restart browser. Your tikkana fonts should now be working in browser.
  7. You will need to redo steps 4, 5 and 6 everytime you reboot your machine (more accurately, everytime your X Server/X11 Font Server(xfs) is restarted). To make it persistent, you will need permissions to edit X configuration files.

    If you are a novice, you can safely skip this step and redo the steps 4, 5 and 6 whenever tikkana fonts do not appear in your browser.

To control the size of tikkana fonts appearing in netscape windows, in Edit/Preferences Dialog, momentarily change the Variable Width Font setting to tikkana, select size 0, allow scaling and give a value, say 18. Now tikkana fonts should appear in 18pt. Now, change back to your previous setting. Obviously, this is a workaround to netscape bug and you would have to repeat the procedure once per Netscape Session. On Linux, if u r using KDE, K File Manager(kfm) is also a web browser and tikkana appears great in there.

Using tikkana in ghostview/ghostscript

It is extremely easy to make tikkana work with ghostview/ghostscript. Just set the environment variable GS_FONTPATH to $WHERE_tikkana_IS/tikkana/ghostscript before invoking these programs.

On sh/ksh/bash, do

  export GS_FONTPATH=$WHERE_tikkana_IS/tikkana/ghostscript
On csh
  setenv GS_FONTPATH $WHERE_tikkana_IS/tikkana/ghostscript
Replace $WHERE_tikkana_IS with the full path to the directory where tikkana/type1 is located.

Printing Tikkana fonts on UNIX

Print to a postscript file, set GS_FONTPATH as explained above and use ghostview.

Most applications including netscape don't do a good job setting fonts in postscript. One way out is to use the wprint filter to fix the postscript produced by netscape browser before it goes to the printer. Another way out is to hack the ps file.

For netscape produced output, look for the line,

    /Times-Roman findfont
and replace it with
    /Tikkana findfont
Though you would now see tikkana text, any text in Times-Roman would also be displayed in tikkana :-(